Amptek Papers on X-Ray/Gamma-Ray Detectors and Electronics

Huber, A.C., J.A. Pantazis, V.T. Jordanov, “High Performance X-Ray and Gamma Ray Detectors” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 99 p.665-668, 1995.


Jordanov, V.T., Pantazis, J.A., Huber, A.C., “Compact circuit for pulse rise-time discrimination,” Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research A 380, p. 353-357, 1996.


Jordanov, V.T., J.A. Pantazis, and A.C. Huber, “Thermoelectrically-Cooled Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detectors (CZT) for X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detection,” Radiation, Vol. 43, No. 1, July 1996.


Jordanov, V.T., G. F. Knoll, A.C. Huber and J.A. Pantazis, “Digital Techniques for Real Time Pulse Shaping in Radiation Measurements”, Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A353, pp. 261-264, 1994.


Karydas, A.G., Zarkadas, A., Kyriakis, A., Pantazis, J., Huber, A., Redus, R., Potiriades C., Paradellis T., &quotImprovement of peak to background ratio in PIXE and XRF methods using small thickness thin Si-PIN detectors,&quot X-Ray Spectrometry, Vol 32 No 2, p.93-105, 2003.


Pantazis, J.A., A.C. Huber, P. Okun, M.R. Squillante, P. Waer, G. Entine, “New, High Performance Nuclear Spectroscopy System Using Si- PIN Diodes and CdTe Detectors,” IEEE Trans. on Nuc. Sci., Vol. 41, No. 4, August 1994., p. 1004-1008


Pantazis, T., A.G. Karydas, Chr. Doumas, A. Vlachopoulos, P. Nomikos, M. Dinsmore, “X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis of a Gold Ibex and other Artifacts from Akrotiri,” Presented at the 9th International Aegean Conference: Metron, Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age at Yale University, April 18-21, 2002. Published in Aegaeum 24: Metron; Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age, 2003, (24), p.155-160.


Pantazis, T., J. Pantazis, A. Huber, R. Redus, “The historical development of the thermoelectrically cooled X-ray detector and its impact on the portable and hand-held XRF industries,” X-Ray Spectrometry, Vol 39, No 2, 2010, p.90-97.


Redus, R.H. and Huber, A. (2012), Figure of merit for spectrometers for EDXRF. X-Ray Spectrom.


Redus, R.H., Huber, A., Pantazis, T., Pantazis, J. and Cross, B. (2012), Combining CdTe and Si detectors for Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence. X-Ray Spectrom.


Redus, R.H., A.C. Huber, J.A. Pantazis, T.J. Pantazis, “Enhanced Energy Range Thermoelectrically Cooled Silicon X-ray Detectors,” IEEE Nucl. Sci. Symp. Conf. Rec., Oct 2011, N13-5.


Redus, R.H., A.C. Huber, D.J. Sperry, “Dead time correction in the DP5 digital pulse processor”, IEEE Nucl. Sci. Symp. Conf. Rec., Oct 2008, pp 3416 – 3420 (2009).


Redus, R.H., A.C. Huber, “Monte Carlo time domain noise simulation in nuclear electronics”, IEEE Nucl. Sci. Symp. Conf. Rec., Oct 2008, pp 3421 – 3429 (2009).


Redus, R.H., J.A. Pantazis, T.J. Pantazis, A.C. Huber, and B.J. Cross, “Characterization of CdTe detectors for quantitative X-ray spectroscopy”, IEEE Transs. Nucl. Sci., Vol 56, No. 4, pp 2524 – 2532, Aug. 2009


Redus, R.H., A. Huber, J. Pantazis, T.Pantazis, D. Sperry, “Design and performance of the X-123 compact X-ray and gamma-ray spectroscopy system,” IEEE Nucl. Sci. Symp. Conf. Rec., 2006, R15-4.


Redus, R.H., T.Pantazis, D. Sperry, M. Alioto, “VeriTainer radiation detector for intermodal shipping containers,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A. 570, pp 384-387 (2007).


Redus, R.H., A. Huber, J. Pantazis, T.Pantazis, “Multielement CdTe Stack Detectors for Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. Vol. 51, No. 5, p.2386, Oct 2004.


Redus, R.H., J. Pantazis, A. Huber, T.Pantazis, “Improved Sensitivity X-ray Detectors for Field Applications” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. Vol. 49, No. 6, p.3247, Dec 2002.


Redus, R.H., A. Huber, J. Pantazis, “Improved thermoelectrically cooled X/Gamma-ray detectors and electronics,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 458 (2001) p. 214-219.


Redus, R.H., J. Pantazis, A. Huber, “Developments in thermoelectrically cooled PIN and CZT detectors,” Trans. American Nuclear Society, Vol 79 (1998), p 110.


Redus, R.H., J.A. Pantazis, A.C. Huber, V.T. Jordanov, J. Butler, B. Apotovsky, “Fano Factor Determination for CZT”, “Semiconductors for Room-Temperature Radiation Detector Applications II,” Material Research Society Symposium Proceedings: Semiconductors for Room-Temperature Radiation Detector Applications II, Vol 487, p.101-107, December 1997. (eds. R.B. James, et. al.)


Redus, R.H., M. Squillante, J. Lund, “Electronics for High Resolution Spectroscopy with Compound Semiconductors,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth., A380, p. 312, 1996.


Redus, R.H., R. Farrell, “Gain and Noise in Very High Gain Avalanche Photodiodes: Theory and Experiment,” SPIE Proceedings, Vol 2859, Conference on X-Ray/Gamma Ray Detectors, p. 288, August, 1996.


R. Sudharsanan, C. Stenstrom, G. Vakerlis, J. Pantazis, A. Huber, R. Redus, V.T. Jordanov, “Portable P-I-N CdZnTe Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy System,” Material Research Society Symposium Proceedings: Semiconductors for Room-Temperature Radiation Detector Applications II, Vol 487, p.217-222, December 1997. (eds. R.B. James, et. al.)

Papers Referencing Amptek’s X-Ray And Gamma-Ray Detectors

Abbas, K., J. Morel, M. Etcheverry, G. Nicolaou, &quotUse of miniature CdZnTe X/g detector in nuclear safeguards: characterization of spent nuclear fuel and uranium enrichment determination,&quot Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A405, pp. 153-158, 1998


Cesareo, R., G.E. Gigante, A. Castellano, &quotThermoelectrically cooled semiconductor detects for non-destructive analysis of works of art by means of energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence,&quot Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A428, pp. 171-181, 1999.


Cesareo, R., A. Brunetti, “X-ray fluorescence – analysis of 19th century stamps”, X-ray Spectrometry 37, pp 260-264 (2008).


Cohen, S. A., B. Berlinger, C. Brunkhorst, A. Brooks, N. Ferraro, D. P. Lundberg, A. Roach, and A. H. Glasser, “Formation of Collisionless High-ß Plasmas by Odd-Parity Rotating Magnetic Fields,” Physical Review Letters 98, pp 145002-1-4 (2007).


Desai, U.D., J. Pantazis, and K. Shah, “Room Temperature Solid-State Detectors for Gamma Ray Burst Spectroscopy,” Astrophysics and Space Science, 231, p. 487-491, 1995.


Economou T., A. Turkevich, R. Rieder H. Wänke, &quotDetermination of the Chemical Composition of Martian Soil and Rocks: The Alpha-Proton-X-ray Spectrometer,&quot


Gerlach, M., M. Krumrey, L. Cibik. Et. Al., “A cryogenic electrical sustitution radiometer for hard X-rays”, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 580, pp 218-221 (2007).


P. Jandovitz, C. Swanson, J. Matteucci, R. Oliver, J. Pearcy, and S. A. Cohen, “Demonstration of fast-electron populations in a low-pressure, low-power, magnetized RF plasma source.” Physics of Plasmas 25, 030702 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.4998735. Available online.


Janssens, K., G. Vittiglio, I. Deraedt, A. Aerts, B. Vekemans, L. Vincze, F. Wei, I. Deryck, O. Schalm, F. Adams, A. Rindby, A. Kn¨ochel, A. Simionovici and A. Snigirev, &quotUse of Microscopic XRF for Non-destructive Analysis in Art and Archaeometry&quot, X-Ray Spectrometry 29, 73-91, 2000.


Matsumoto, Massao, et al. &quotDirect measurement of mammographic x-ray spectra using CdZnTe detector,&quot Medical Physics 27 (7), July 2000. p.1490.


Miceli, A., Thierry, R. et al.,&quotComparison of simulated and measured spectra of an industrial 450 kV X-ray tube,&quot Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A 580, pp. 123-126, 2007.


Miyajima, S., &quotThin CdTe detector in diagnostic x-ray spectroscopy,&quot Medical Physics, Vol. 30 No. 5, May 2003.


Miyajima, S., Imagawa, K., Matsumoto, M., &quotAn alignment method for mammographic X-ray spectroscopy under clinical conditions,&quot The British Journal of Radiology, 75 (2002), 763-766. 2002 The British Institute of Radiology


Moralles. M., Bonifacio. D.A.B., Bottaro, M., Pereira, M.A.G., &quotMonte Carlo and least-squares methods applied in unfolding of X-ray spectra measured with cadmium telluride detectors,&quot Nucl. Instr. and Meth., A 580, pp. 270-273, 2007.


Josilene C. Santos, Alessandra Tomal, Tânia A. Furquim, Agnes M. F. Fausto, Maria S. Nogueira, Paulo R. Costa, “Direct measurement of clinical mammographic x-ray spectra using a CdTe spectrometer,” Medical Physics, 26 May 2017.  Available online.


C. Swanson, P. Jandovitz, and S. A. Cohen, “Using Poisson-regularized inversion of Bremsstrahlung emission to extract full electron energy distribution functions from x-ray pulse-height detector data.” AIP Advances 8, 025222 (2018); doi: 10.1063/1.5019572. Available online.


Vedantham, Srinivasan, et al. &quotMammographic imaging with a small CCD-based digital cassette: Physical characteristics of a clinical system,&quot Medical Physics 27 (8), August 2000.


Vedantham, Srinivasan, et al. Full breast digital mammography with an amorphous silicon-based flat panel detector: Physical characteristics of a clinical prototype,&quot Medical Physics 27 (3), March 2000.

Papers Referencing Amptek’s Nuclear Electronics

Forrest, G.A., S.P. Lynch, &quotSoft X-ray detection system for the CATSAT small satellite,&quot


Lefeuvre, F., M.P. Gough, et al., “The Wave Experiment Consortium, Cluster: mission, payload and supporting activities,” ESA SP-1159, pp 5- 15, 1993.


Möbius, E., D. Hovestadt, B. Klecker, L.M. Kistler, M.A. Popecki, et al, &quotThe Solar Energetic Particle Ionic Charge Analyzer (SEPICA) and the Data Processing Unit (S3DPU) for SWICS, SWIMS and SEPICA,&quot


Nguyen, C.T., “Determining the ‘doubles’ count rate for AmLi sources”, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 580, pp 289-292 (2007).


Safavi-Naeini, M., M.L.F. Lerch, M. Petasecca, et. Al., “Evaluation of pixellated, back-sided planar photodetectors for high-resolution imaging instrumentation”, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 589, pp 259-267 (2008).

Amptek Space Instrument Papers


D.H. Brautigam, B.K. Dichter, K.P. Ray, W.R. Turnbull, D. Madden, A. Ling, E. Holeman, R.H. Redus, S. Woolf, “Solar Cycle Variation of Outer Belt Electron Dose at Low-Earth Orbit,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., Vol. 48, No 6, December 2001.


D.H. Brautigam, K.P. Ray, G.P. Ginet, D. Madden, “Specification of the Radiation Belt Slot Region: Comparison of the NASA AE8 Model with TSX5/CEASE Data”, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. Vol 51, No. 6, Dec 2004, p 3375


Dichter, B.K., J.O. McGarity, M.R. Oberhardt, V.T Jordanov, D.J. Sperry, A.C. Huber, J.A. Pantazis, E.G. Mullen, G. Ginet, and M.S. Gussenhoven, “Compact Environmental Anomaly Sensor (CEASE): A Novel Spacecraft Instrument for In Situ Measurements of Environmental Conditions,” IEEE Trans. on Nuc. Sci. Vol. 45 No. 6 December, 1998.


B.K. Dichter, W.R. Turnbull, D.H. Brautigam, K.P. Ray, R.H. Redus, “Initial On-Orbit Results From the Compact Environmental Anomaly Sensor (CEASE),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., Vol. 48, No 6, December 2001.


Gussenhoven, M.S., D.A. Hardy, F.J. Rich, E.G. Mullen, R.H. Redus, “Evidence That Polar Cap Arcs Occur On Open Field Lines,” J. Geomag. Geoelectr., Vol. 42, pp 737-751, 1990.


L.H. Krause, D.L. Cooke, C.L. Enloe, et al, “Survey of DSCS-III B7 Differential Surface Charging”, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. Vol 51, No. 6, Dec 2004, p 3399


McGarity, J.O., A.C. Huber, J.A. Pantazis, M.R. Oberhardt, D.A. Hardy, and W.E. Slutter, 1992, “Compact Ion/Electron Analyzer for Spaceflight or Laboratory Use,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., Vol 63, p. 1973-1977, March 1992.


Redus, R, Gussenhoven, M.S., Hardy, D.A, Brautigam, D.H., &quotDeviations from the Average Patterns of Auroral Ion/Electron Precipitation,&quot SPI Conference Proceedings and Reprint Series, 7, Scientific Puplishers, 1989.


Rich, F.J., D.A. Hardy, R.H. Redus, M.S. Gussenhoven, “Northward IMF And Patterns Of High Latitude Precipitation And Field-Aligned Currents: The February 1986 Storm,” JGR, Vol. 95, No. A6, pp. 7893-7913, June 1990.


Gough, M.P., D.A. Hardy, M.R. Oberhardt, W.J. Burke, L.C. Gentile, B. McNeil, K. Bounar, D.C. Thompson, and W.J. Raitt, “Correlator Measurements of Megahertz Wave-Particle Interactions during Electron Beam Operations on STS-46,” JGR, Vol 100, p 21,561-21,575, 1995.


Gough, M.P., D.A. Hardy, W.J. Burke, M.R. Oberhardt, L.C. Gentile, C.Y. Huang, D.L. Cooke, W.J. Raitt, D.C. Thompson, W. McNeil, and K. Bounar, “Heating and Low-Frequency Modulation of Electrons Observed during Electron Beam Operations on TSS 1,” JGR, Vol. 102, No. A8, p 17,335-17357, 1997.


Gough, M.P., M.R. Oberhardt, D.A. Hardy, B. McNeil, K. Bounar, D.C. Thompson, W.J. Raitt,”KiloHetrz Electron Modulations Measured by SPREE during DC Electron Gun Operations on STS-46,” In preparation for JGR, 1996.


Gough, M.P., W.J. Burke, D.A. Hardy, C.Y. Huang, L.C. Gentile, A.G. Rubin, M.R. Oberhardt, A.T. Drobot, D.C. Thompson, and W.J. Raitt, “Megahertz Electron Modulations during TSS-1R,” GRL, Vol. 25, No. 4, p. 441-444, February 15, 1998.


Hardy, D.A., M.R. Oberhardt, W.J. Burke, D.C. Thompson, W.J. Raitt, and L.C. Gentile, “Observations of Electron Beam Propagation Perpendicular to the Earth’s Magnetic Field during the TSS-1 Mission,” JGR, Vol. 100, No. A11, p. 21,523-21,534, November 1, 1995.


Katz, I., E. Melchioni, M.J. Mandell, M.R. Oberhardt, D.C. Thompson, T. Neubert, B.E. Gilchrist, and C. Bonifazi, “Observations of Ionospheric Heating in the TSS-1 Subsatellite Pre-Sheath,” JGR, Vol. 99, No. A5, pp. 8961-8969, 1994.


Oberhardt, M.R., D.A. Hardy, D.C. Thompson, W.J. Raitt, E. Melchioni, and C. Bonifazi, “Positive Spacecraft Charging as Measured by the Shuttle Potential and Return Electron Experiment,” IEEE Trans. on Nuc. Sci., Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 1532-1541, December 1993.


Oberhardt, M.R., D.A. Hardy, W.E. Slutter, J.O. McGarity, D.J. Sperry, A.W. Everest III, A.C Huber, J.A. Pantazis, and M.P. Gough, “The Shuttle Potential and Return Electron Experiment (SPREE),” Il Nuovo Cimento, Vol 17C, N. 1, 67, 1994.

Other Space Instruments

Hardy, D.A., D.M. Walton, A.D. Johnstone, M.F. Smith, M.P. Gough, A.C. Huber, J.A. Pantazis, and R. Burkhardt, “Low Energy Plasma Analyzer,” IEEE Trans. on Nuc. Sci., Vol. 40, No. 2, April 1993


Redus, R.H., B.K Dichter, M.R. Oberhardt, J.O. McGarity, J. Dalcolmo, S. Woolf, A.C. Huber, J.A. Pantazis, “Design, Development, and Calibration of a High Energy Proton Telescope for Space Radiation Studies,” Nucl. Inst. Meth. A 482 p. 281-296 2002.


Violet, M.D., K. Lynch, R.H. Redus, et. al., “The Proton Telescope (PROTEL) On The CRRES Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Nuc. Sci., Vol. NS-40, p. 242, April, 1993.

Papers Referencing Amptek’s Space Instruments

Cooke, D.L, et al, &quotIntroducing the Digital Ion Drift Meter, DIDM,&quot presented at the American Geophysical Union, Fall 1999.


Cooke, D.L., C.J. Roth, &quotThe Digital Ion Drift-Meter on CHAMP; Status, Calibration, and Data,&quot presented at the American Geophysical Union, Spring 2002.


Figueroa, S.S., &quotResults from the Compact Environmental Anomaly Sensor (CEASE) on TSX-5&quot, presented at the American Geophysical Union, Fall 2002.


Ginet, G.P. &quotSpace Weather: An Air Force Research Laboratory Perspective&quot, Chapter 18 in Space Storms and Space Weather Hazards, ed. I.A. Daglis, pp 437-47, 2001.


Gussenhoven, M.S., E. G. Mullen, D. H. Brautigam, &quotImproved understanding of the Earth’s radiation belts from the CRRES satellite,&quot IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 43, 353,1996.


Gussenhoven, M.S., E. G. Mullen, D. H. Brautigam, E. Holeman, C. Jordan, F. Hanser and B.K. Dichter, “Preliminary comparison of dose measurements on CRRES to NASA model predictions”, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 38, 1655,1991.